Bulletin IX


A model treaty 

1. [AMERICA – INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS]. HANDELS- UND SCHIFFFAHRTS-VERTRAG zwischen Seiner Majestät dem Könige von Preußen und den vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. De Dato Washington, den 1sten Mai 1828. Berlin, gedruckt in der Deckerschen Geheimen Ober-Hofbuchdruckerei, [1828]. £600

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FIRST GERMAN PRINTING. Folio, pp. 12; printed in double columns in French and German; aside from the odd mark, clean and fresh throughout; stitched with three other documents, unbound.

A very good copy of this German printing of the 1828 Treaty of Commerce and Navigation between the United States and Prussia, printed in German and French, mirroring the Washington edition which was printed in English and French.

Negotiated between the Prussian chargé d’affaires Louis Niederstetter and the US Secretary of State Henry Clay, both of whom sign the treaty in print, the 1828 treaty was heavily based on that agreed by Frederick the Great and Benjamin Franklin in 1785, and by any measure can be seen as a success; it provided the basis for relations between the two countries until the outbreak of World War I, and was seamlessly transferred from Prussia to the newly established German Empire in 1871.

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The treaty was concluded on May 1st 1828, and finally ratified by the US Senate on March 14 the following year. Consisting of 16 articles, it covered the freedom of commerce and navigation, enabled a lack of discrimination of shipping charges and import duties, regulated coastal trade, outlined commercial privileges, described consular jurisdictions, and elaborated the rules in case of blockades; it also cemented the right of citizens of each country to dispose of personal goods within the jurisdiction of the other.

We have been unable to locate any further copies of this Berlin printing; OCLC only finds the pre-ratification Washington printing, of which this appears to be the mirror, at the American Antiquarian Society.

For a later account of the development of the treaty, see Jesse S. Reeves, ‘The Prussian-American Treaties’, American Journal of International Law, Vol 11, no 3, 475-510; not recorded by OCLC or KVK.


2. BARMAN, Ambrosius [r]. RIVAZ, Andrea de [pr]. THESES EX TRACTATU DE ORIGINE AC REGIMENTE HUMANAE SOCIETATIS quae In ecclesia abbatiali Agaunensi, praedide Andrea de Rivaz, publice propugnandas suscepit Rever. ac Relig. Dom. Ambrosius Barman, Die 13.a augusti 1829, hora 8.va matutina. Seduni [i.e. Sion], Ex Typographia Antonii Advocat, [1829]. £185

ONLY EDITION. 4to, pp. 12; decorative border on title and around vignette on final page; slight soiling to margins, but an attractive copy, in contemporary red marbled wrappers; some sunning to extremities. 

Attractively printed and rare set of 37 theses on the origins of human society and its structures, presented in the Abbey of St-Maurice in the Valais by one of the monks.

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Defining human society as ‘multitudo hominum morali aliquo vinculo communi unita’, Barman reflects on primitive societies, the origins and sources of authority, the ways in which societies mirror familial structures, the rule of law and the nature of the idea of a republic, the  prohibition on rebelling against legitimate authority (notably, legitimum is italicised), the nature of monarchy and democracy (which ‘non raro tamem in seditiones et anarchiam degenerat’), and the relationship between law and morality, and the principles underlying the force of law. Notably, the only modern work cited is Montesquieu’s L’Esprit des Lois, where we find approvingly quoted that ‘the government that conforms best to nature is that whose particular disposition tallies best with that of the people for whom it is established’.

The title suggests that this may be a summary of a larger work, but we have found no evidence of one.

Not in OCLC; KVK records copies at Fribourg and the Abbaye de St-Maurice.

Examples for girls 

3. BLANCHARD, Pierre. MODÈLES DES JEUNES PERSONNES, ou traites remarquables, actions vertueuses, exemmples de bonne conduite, Et Morceaux extraits des meilleurs écrivains qui sont occupés de l’éducation des filles; Recueil formé par Pierre Blanchard. Avec six gravures, d’après les dessins de M. Monnet, de l’ancienne Académie de Peinture. A Paris, Chez P. Blanchard, 1811. £325 

FIRST EDITION. 12mo, pp. x, 11-226; with engraved frontispiece and five engraved plates; some light browning in places, and marginal tear to one leaf, with no loss of text; in contemporary calf; spine gilt with morocco label; extremities bumped and binding somewhat loose, but still a good copy.

Uncommon first edition of this popular work for children, and girls in particular, collecting together examples from history and literature of virtue and good conduct to act as models.


Drawing on both popular stories and anecdotes and on the writings of various authors (most frequently Rousseau and the Marquise de Lambert, but also Rollin and Fénélon), the stories and andecdotes collected largely follow the principles set out in the Avertissement: “Si les femmes, en général, sont mois frappées que les hommes de ces actions que la gloire couronne ordinairement, elles sont, en revanche, plus touchées de celles qui naissent d’une sensibilité délicate et de l’amour de l’humanité; aussi ne trouvera-t-on ici rien de ce qui annonce un courage mâle, et de ce qui passe les forces ordinaires de la femme. Ce ne sont point des héroïnes que nous offrons pour modèles, mais des filles tendres et soumises, des personnes bienfaisantes, des épouses vertueuses et des mères qui sacrifient tout à leurs devoirs’ (pp. vii-viii).

Blanchard was a prolific author and editor of works for children; the present work went through several editions.

OCLC only records two copies of this first edition, at Lyon and the BNF.


4. [CHOLERA]. [SEIDLER, Franz]. GRÜNDE FÜR DIE WAHRSCHEINLICHKEIT, daß die orientalische Cholera ein Wechselfieber sey und als solches geheilt werden müsse ... Leipzig, J.C. Hinrichsche Buchhandlung, 1831. £225

FIRST EDITION. 8vo, pp. 40; some spotting and browning in places throughout; unopened in the original printed yellow wrappers; old stamp on upper wrapper.

Uncommon essay, written during the pandemic of the early 1830s, on the correct approach to the treatment of cholera, by the Weißenfels physician Franz Seidler. 


Seidler argues that choiera is a Wechselfieber, an illness that causes the patient to alternate quickly between feverish and cold states, in the manner of malaria or typhus, and chiefly identified in low, marshy regions. He bases this observation on the history of the 1817-24 outbreak, the ways in which cholera appeared to be localised, and analysis of the symptoms, and proposes that the treatment given cholera patients should proceed on the assumption that it is essentially a malarial disease.

OCLC records just one copy outside Germany, at the University of Basel.


How not to write

5. LE TELLIER, Charles-Constant. NOUVELLE CACOGRAPHIE, ou Exercices sur les participes et les principales difficultés de la langue françoise; suivis d’un choix de sujets de lettres et de compositions propres a former le style et le jugement des élèves. Treizième édition. A Paris, Chez Belin-Le Prieur, Le Prieur, Constant Le Tellier, 1825. £195

12mo, pp. 192; title within decorative border; aside from some occasional spotting, clean and fresh throughout; in contemporary paper-backed boards, spine and boards somewhat worn.

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Later edition of this much-reprinted but seemingly much-destroyed book of orthographical exercises by the French lexicographer and educationalist Charles-Constant Le Tellier (1768-1846).

A rather painful read, the Nouvelle Cacographie consists of 104 exercises, each of a few paragraphs, with a combination of original writing and extracts from authors including Racine, J.B. Rousseau, La Fontaine, and others; the job of the reader is to identify and correct the numerous errors in spelling and punctuation which litter the text, most of which echo the sounds of the words, so the opening sentence of the first exercise reads:

Les soirie que je vous ai vandu ont exsité ladmiracion de tous ceus a qui je les ai fait voire avent de vous les envoyez

and carries on in that vein. The final few pages are taken up with a number of suggestions for prose composition.

OCLC only records the BNF copy of this edition; the only earlier editions with any copies other than the BNF one are the 7th (BL and Winnipeg), 8th (NYPL), and 10th (National Library of Poland).


Gratitude for foreign aid

6. [LISBON EARTHQUAKE]. MELLO, Francisco de Pina e de. PALACIO DO SOL, ou Panegyrico Gratulatorio, que ao muito alto, poderoso rei da Gran-Bretanha, de Escocia, de Irlanda; &c. &c. &c. E a toda a Naçaõ Britanica dedicou ... Pelo Magnifico soccorro, que deraõ a Lisboa na calamidade do Terremoto. Lisboa:  Na Offic de Joam Antonio da Costa, MDCCLXV [1765]. £300

FIRST EDITION. 4to, pp. 35, [1] blank; light stain to gutter of title-page, otherwise clean and crisp throughout; in recent marbled wrappers.

A good copy of this extended poem by the Portuguese poet and rhetorician Francisco de Pina e Melo (or Mello, 1695-1773), expressing the gratitude of Portugal for the assistance given by the British people, and especially by George II, after the Lisbon earthquake of 1755.


On hearing of the earthquake, and with the historic alliance between the two countries very much in mind, George II asked Parliament for ‘speedy and effectual relief’ for the people of Lisbon, leading to the Commons providing provisions (principally food, clothes, and tools) valued at £100,000 (the equivalent of about £20 million today); five ships had arrived from Ireland by early February, although the Portuguese king insisted that the relief was initially directed to British residents of the city.

Full of classical reference, while also alluding to the systems of Descartes, Copernicus, and Tycho Brahe, Palacio do Sol is principally occupied with praise of the noble lineage of the House of Brunswick, and by extension, that of Hanover. Melo was the author of several works, including a 1756 poem Ao terremoto do 1o de Novembre de 1755, and an Arte poetica, published in the same year as the present work.

Outside the Continent, OCLC records copies at Oxford, Harvard, Wisconsin, the Newberry, Toronto, the British Library, and the National Library of Scotland.


On free will

7. PROSPER OF AQUITAINE. Opuscula de Gratia et Libero Arbitrio Sancti Prosperi Aquitani, Episcopi Reginensis, Viri religiosissimi, Divi Augustini Discipuli, & in divinis scripturis eruditissimi. Parisiis, [but probably Italian] Apud Antonium Augerellum sub Insignio Divi Iacobi, via ad sanctum Iacobum, 1534. £400

8vo, pp. 127, [1] blank; with woodcut initials; some browning in places throughout; in modern red morocco-backed marbled boards, title in gilt on spine.

Early edition of this influential defence of the Augustinian doctrine of predestination by the fifth century Christian writer, and disciple of St Augustine, Prosper of Aquitaine (c.390-c. 455), written to defend Augustine against the Semipelagian attacks of, most prominently, John Cassian.


De gratia et libero arbitrio was written around 432, and remains an important document for historians of the doctrine of grace. No printed editions appeared in the 15th century, but the revival of debates around issues of free will that coincided with the advent of Lutheranism may have prompted the present edition, as well as printings around the same time of Augustine’s work of the same title; the first appearances in print of Prosper’s work were in Mainz and Basel, both in 1524, while the present edition appears to have been the first to appear after that, and the first under a French imprint, although Renouard suggests that it was in fact produced in Venice.

See Renouard, Imprimeurs & Libraires I: 225-6, 583; Rescher, Free Will: an Extensive Bibliography, p. 219; outside continental Europe, OCLC notes copies at Berkeley, UCLA, the Folger, the Newberry Library, Washington State, and the University of Illinois; COPAC records no copies in the UK.


Bringing back Church music

8. RAYMOND, Georges Marie. LETTRE SUR L’UTILITÉ DU RÉTABLISEEMENT DES MAISTRES DE CHAPELLE dans les cathédrales de France, Faisant suite au Mémoire du même Auteur sur l’usage de la Musique dans les Églises ... Chambéry,  De l’Imprimerie de P. Cléaz, 1810. £295 

FIRST EDITION. 8vo, pp. viii, 21, [3] blank; clean and crisp throughout; uncut in contemporary stitched blue wrappers, with a presentation inscription from the author on upper cover.


A lovely copy of this uncommon letter on the reestablishment of directors of music in French churches after the chaos of the Revolution, by the Chambéry professor and museum director Georges Marie Raymond (1769-1839).

Raymond’s letter is written in response to an exchange on the use of music in the Old Testament and the early Church, and how this should inform current views on the role of music in modern Christianity. He argues that to reestablish the position of Maitre de chapelle would have advantages not only for Church music, but also for the arts in general, ‘et même pour l’autres objets d’utilité publique’. A musician used to the music of the theatre (which was at the time the only reliable professional opportunity for musicians) would find the austerity of Church music difficult to embrace. Not everyone, Raymond observes, is a Pergolesi, a Mozart or a Haydn, who could turn their talents to any genre. But by the same token, the common view that Church music was nothing but fugues and canons is misguided; to bring back directors of music would enable the richer musical traditions both to be maintained and to be popularised once again. Boys’ choirs also should be brought back, not only because of their ‘accens frais et doux’ but also as a means of musical education for both singers and listeners.

OCLC records copies at the BNF and the British Library only.


9. TROISI, Tommaso. SAGGIO FILOSOFICO sulle Leggi della Natura prescritte all’uomo ... accresciute di note da B.A. Tomo I [-II]. Napoli, da’ Torchi dei Raffaello di Napoli, 1829. £285 

Two volumes in one, 8vo, pp. 196; 288; foxing throughout, mainly light; ownership stamp of ‘G.G.’ on title; in contemporary sheep-backed marbled boards; spine tooled in gilt with two gilt-lettered labels; some slight wear to corners, but a good copy.

Later edition of this uncommon work on natural law and political philosophy, by the Neapolitan philosopher Tommaso Troisi (born 1755).

Troisi seeks to demonstrate the existence of natural law, and the distinctions between laws (legge) and law (diritto) and between the laws of nature and civil laws. He emphasises the extent to which humans are bound by law as a consequence of their reason, and discusses the duties that this imposes on us, both in absolute terms, and relatively (ownership, contracts, and so on). Throughout, he criticises the idea of the social contract, attacking at length both Rousseau and Hobbes.


The second half of the work is concerned more specifically with the legal rights and obligations of citizens. Troisi examines the concept of liberty, investigates Rousseau’s account of the origins of civil society, and discusses the nature of sovereignty, before explaining the central role of laws, and of constitutions. He goes on to discuss the merits and demerits of democracy, aristocracy, and other forms of government, the relationship between sovereign and state, the execution of penal law, the duties of the sovereign with regard to education, trade, and industry, and the laws of nations in peace time and in war, in particular examining the right of conquest.

Troisi was the author of several works on political and legal philosophy, as well as on epistemology and metaphysics. The earliest edition of the present work that we have traced is the second of 1816, and further editions appeared in the 1820s and beyond. The Saggio Filosofico was placed on the Index in 1830.

Not in OCLC, which records one copy of a later Lausanne edition at the University of Siena, and no copies of earlier editions.


A celebration of invention

10. VANAULD, Alfred. LA GÉNIE DE L’INDUSTRIE Études et nouvelles sur les plus célèbres inventeurs et industriels, sur leurs découvertes et la profession qu’ils ont illustrée. Par Feu Vanauld, continue par Anatole Chailly. illustré de douze dessins a deux teintes par Mme Héloïse Leloir. Ouvrage dédié à la Jeunesse. Paris, Amédée Bédelet,  [c. 1846?]. £425

FIRST EDITION. 8vo, pp. 304, with additional lithograph title and frontispiece, and ten lithograph plates, by Héloïse Leloir, printed by A. Godard; some very light occasional foxing, and the odd bit of marginal marking, but generally clean and fresh; in the original decorative blue cloth, embossed and gilt, and coloured; extremities slightly worn and bumped, but otherwise a good copy, with the ex-libris stamp of the French historian Fernand Labour on flyleaf.

A splendid copy of this celebration of the spirit of invention for young readers, a sequel to Vanauld’s Le Génie des Arts, which had appeared the previous year.

The aim is to satisfy the desire of mothers for “un livre à la fois instructif, moral et agréable; instructif, par les détails historiques qu’il renferme. moral par les préceptes dont il offre l’application, ou par les nobles exemples qu’il propose à la jeunesse; agréable, par sa forme littéraire”. So we find a mixture of factual accounts and invented stories, covering the history of printing, the production of stained glass, the progress of steam engines, Boulle’s furniture, and the weaving of Jacquard, among other topics. Other characters include Gutenberg and Schöffer (in conversation), Cellini, Boyle, and Watt.


The illustrations are by the French painter Héloïse Leloir, best known for her work as a producer of fashion plates, most notably in La mode ilustrée. Vanauld (1813-1846), whose other works include L’école des vertus: courage, science, humanité, died during the writing of the book, and it appears to have been completed by the novellist Anatole Chailly. 

Outside Continental Europe, OCLC records copies at the Morgan, NYPL, Tulane, and the British Library.

© Edmund Brumfitt Rare Books 2017